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Biodiversity is the great variety of life: the plants and animals that live in the air, on the land, and in wetlands, rivers and seas.

Conserving biodiversity is key to achieving sustainable development and intimately connected to environmental issues such as climate change, pollution and disposal of waste.

The world is losing biodiversity at an ever-increasing rate. This stark reality put biodiversity high on the agenda at the Earth Summit in 1992 and resulted in the International Convention on Biological Diversity. The UK government responded with a national plan of action for biodiversity in 1994, and has since produced many action plans for habitats and species at risk.

The South East England region is extraordinarily rich in biodiversity - as a consequence of our mild climate, varied geology and history of farming.  With over 35 internationally important wildlife sites and 696 Sites of Special Scientific Importance (134,000 Hectares) it supports a wide range of habitats - from coastal mudflats to ancient woodlands, river valleys, heaths and calcareous grasslands. Click here to find out about the regional biodiversity strategy.

Oxfordshire's Biodiversity Action Plan

Throughout the UK, each County has a Local Biodiversity Action Plan (BAP) that identifies priority habitats and species. Oxfordshire's Biodiversity Action Plan delivers biodiversity through the Conservation Target Area Approach it consists of: